“Smart Growth” and “New Urbanism,” the most significant movements in urban planning and architecture in this century have been hailed as alternatives to suburban sprawl; likewise, new sustainable ideas are becoming integrated with campus designs and architecture. Creating a university identity fosters a sense of community where students live in neighborhoods and gain a sense of stewardship concerning that community. Smart campuses now are connecting the interiors to the exteriors, while the architecture, which used to be an obstacle, has now become permeable and facilitative of human interactions like never before, allowing users to feel “outside” while actually being inside. In many ways, university campuses are great examples of the new movements that planners have been working so hard to implement for the past five years; they are models of compact design and mixes of housing types; green space is central to their aesthetic appeal; their residents are economically and ethnically diverse; and they incorporate a variety of uses and offer multiple transportation options. In fulfilling and advancing the principles of the Charter of the New Urbanism (CNU), the paper herein presents three smart campuses that reveal the power of well-executed urbanism to strengthen communities, achieve broader sustainability, and create places worthy of respect and admiration, King Abdullah University for Science & Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Vedanta University, Orissa, India, and University of South Carolina – Innovista Master Plan, Columbia, USA.
|Keywords:||Smart Growth, New Urbanism, Sprawl, University Campus Master Plan, Neighbourhood Development|
Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, College of Engineering, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar