Smart Growth and New Urbanism: Towards Achieving a Smart University Campus

By Rania F. Khalil.

Published by Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

“Smart Growth” and “New Urbanism,” the most significant movements in urban planning and architecture in this century have been hailed as alternatives to suburban sprawl; likewise, new sustainable ideas are becoming integrated with campus designs and architecture. Creating a university identity fosters a sense of community where students live in neighborhoods and gain a sense of stewardship concerning that community. Smart campuses now are connecting the interiors to the exteriors, while the architecture, which used to be an obstacle, has now become permeable and facilitative of human interactions like never before, allowing users to feel “outside” while actually being inside. In many ways, university campuses are great examples of the new movements that planners have been working so hard to implement for the past five years; they are models of compact design and mixes of housing types; green space is central to their aesthetic appeal; their residents are economically and ethnically diverse; and they incorporate a variety of uses and offer multiple transportation options. In fulfilling and advancing the principles of the Charter of the New Urbanism (CNU), the paper herein presents three smart campuses that reveal the power of well-executed urbanism to strengthen communities, achieve broader sustainability, and create places worthy of respect and admiration, King Abdullah University for Science & Technology (KAUST), Thuwal, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, Vedanta University, Orissa, India, and University of South Carolina – Innovista Master Plan, Columbia, USA.

Keywords: Smart Growth, New Urbanism, Sprawl, University Campus Master Plan, Neighbourhood Development

Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, Volume 2, Issue 3, pp.129-148. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 5.678MB).

Dr. Rania F. Khalil

Assistant Professor, Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, College of Engineering, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar

Dr. Khalil is an assistant professor of architecture and urban design in the Department of Architecture and Urban Planning, Qatar University. She is a graduate of Cairo University College of Engineering. She received her Master’s degree and PhD from the same University. In addition to the core architectural course work, her academic experience and teaching activities include lecture courses in planning theory, housing policies, urban conservation, urban design, and urban planning legislation. Her research focuses on sustainable master planning, environmental upgrading projects, new urbanism, and the impact of regulations on urban planning and development. In 2005, she moved to the US and continued her professional career as a programmer and facility planner. Dr. Khalil is a LEED AP and a member of the APA and the ULI.