The Millennia Long Migration into Bengal: Rich Genetic Material and Enormous Promise in the Face of Chaos, Corruption, and Criminalization

By Samares Kar.

Published by Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies

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Article: Electronic $US5.00

The geographical entity now called West Bengal was once the seat of an ancient civilization going back a millennia. More recently, it has been the cradle of the Indian Renaissance, going back a few hundred years. Presently, it has turned into a land of chaos with daily street demonstrations, constant state-sponsored strikes, and enormous political meetings, along with corruption (with the highest black to white money ratio inside India, bribery at all levels, most intensively in the real estate and mining sectors), and criminalization (unruly, jobless, and drunk youth gangs, hundreds killed, inspired by political parties, extortion, kidnapping, and Maoist violence). This has been and still is a land with great promise and potential—a land of natural beauty (the Himalayas, dense mangrove forests with Royal Bengal tigers, a river-rich and very green landscape), mineral resources, and most importantly rich and diverse genetic material (from the synthesis of three main ethnic groups—Negroid, Mongoloid, Caucasoid). Throughout the millennia, the migration of different races, different religions, and different cultures into this area has been a dominant phenomenon. It is perhaps more extensive and varied here than anywhere else in the world. We need to find a way out of this mess and into a period of creativity.

Keywords: West Bengal, Chaos, Corruption, Criminalization, Migration, Negroid, Mongoloid, Caucasoid, Genetic Material

Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, Volume 2, Issue 2, pp.129-144. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 739.737KB).

Prof. Samares Kar

Research Professor, Meghnad Saha Institute of Technology and the Techno-India Group, Kolkata, West Bengal, India

Samares Kar’s seminal work on ultrathin (2–4 nm) SiO2 gate dielectrics, which was carried out four decades ago, provides some of the basic physics and characterization tools for future generation MOS nano-transistors. His research interests have included MOS tunnel devices, Si-SiO2 and Si/high-k interface states, high-k gate dielectrics, MOS/MIS parameter extraction, process induced defects, and organic monolayers. Dr. Kar has published 121 research papers, 8 edited books, and 4 conference short course notes. Dr. Kar was the lead organizer of the First, Second, Third, Fourth, Fifth, Sixth, Seventh, and Eighth International Symposia on High Dielectric Constant Gate Stacks held during the Fall Meetings of The Electrochemical Society, USA in 2002, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010. Dr. Kar is an Emeritus Fellow of Electrical Engineering in the Indian Institute of Technology, Kanpur, which he joined in 1974, and was a Professor of Electrical Engineering during 1980–2004. He has studied in India and USA, and worked in India, USA, and West Germany. Currently, he is associated with the Techno India Group and the Meghnath Saha Institute of Technology in Kolkata.