A Spatial Analysis of the Socio-economic and Environmental Variables of Tehran City

By Seifolddini, Faranak and Mansourian, Hossain.

Published by Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The spatial patterns in socioeconomic and environmental data reveal issues and trends that would otherwise be missed by data aggregation to political or other units. Geographic Information System (GIS) tools display analysis capabilities that are increasingly utilized by many social scientists. This paper presents the results of spatial socio-economic (SES), environmental and accessibility analysis of Tehran city. Use of census data, satellite images, quantitative GIS, GIS mapping and statistical analysis are powerful tools to investigate the variability of these variables among 117 municipality divisions of Tehran city. Variations are described by attaching attributes to a set of 117 zones in Tehran city. A multivariate analysis applying principal component analysis for 117 zones extracted four components: (1) housing and expertise of the residents, (2) Environmental conditions, (3) Accessibility to urban services, and (4) Unemployment levels. Results show that spatial autocorrelation and spatial heterogeneity are detected in the spatial distribution of urban components in Tehran city, and therefore intra-urban inequalities exist with respect to four urban components. Understanding of these variations can help to develop more realistic models, which are critical for land use, environmental and transportation planning.

Keywords: Spatial Analysis, Socio-economic Variables, Environmental Variables, Tehran City

Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp.53-68. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 4.319MB).

Dr. Seifolddini, Faranak

Associate Professor, Department of Urban Planning, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

I am an associate professor at Tehran University, Department of Urban Planning. I got my Ph.D. degree in Urban and Regional Planning from University of Wisconsin-Madison in 1992. I have been teaching at the University of Shiraz and then University of Tehran since then. I have published 5 textbooks related to Urban and Regional Planning so far. My area of concentration is Land Use Planing (smart growth,compact growth,and other related subjects).

Dr Mansourian, Hossain

PhD Student, Department of Geography and Urban Planning, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran (Islamic Republic of)

A Ph.D. student in the department of Urban Planning. A master degree in Cartography and a bachelor degree in Geography. The area of interest is Urban Form.