Residents on Illegally Built Urban Areas in Lisbon Metropolitan Area Municipalities

By Teresa Sá and Manuela Maria Mendes.

Published by Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies

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This presentation is supported by the empirical corpus of thirty-seven directive interviews conducted with residents of illegally built urban areas in some municipalities in the Lisbon metropolitan area, specifically in Odivelas, Loures and Amadora (north of the river), Palmela, Almada, Setúbal, Moita and Seixal (south of the river) [1]. Thus, this analysis focuses around four themes: a) Individuals and family groups: socio-demographic; b) Paths: residential and professional; c) District: general characterization of the population; d) Home: purchase of land parcel and building of house. By drawing the sociographical profiles of the residents of these illegally built urban areas, we seek to establish a comparison of the social profiles of the illegal residents of the 1980s and 1990s. We analyze the whole process of acquisition of the lot and construction of the illegal housing in relation to the agents’ capacity to plan their future and the social-economic context in which the decision is made. In the end, we will seek to answer the question: “Where are the illegal residents today?” by analyzing the changes that have taken place in the residential makeup of the Illegally Built Urban Areas over time, taking into account the young people who were born in those neighborhoods.
[1] Located in the Research Project PTDC/AUR/71721/2006 “Conversion and rehabilitation of urban neighborhoods of illegal origin. Social-urbanistic evaluation and integrated solutions for strategic planning, coordinated by Isabel Raposo and funded by the Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia.”

Keywords: Illegally Built Urban Areas, Paths, Residents, Neighborhoods

Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, Volume 2, Issue 1, pp.121-140. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 780.754KB).

Prof. Teresa Sá

Auxiliary Professor, Social Sciences an Territory Department, University of Lisbon, Lisboa, Portugal

Sociologist; Master in Urban Planning; and Doctorate in Sociology. Professor of Urban Sociology and Space Anthropology in the Faculty of Architecture of Tecnhnical University of Lisbon.

Dr. Manuela Maria Mendes

Professor, Social Sciences and Territory Department, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal

Maria Manuela Mendes is a Professor in the Architecture Faculty, University of Lisbon, and a research fellow at CIES-IUL. She holds a Ph.D in Social Sciences (2007) from the University of Lisbon ICS-UL; a Master’s Degree in Sociology from FLUP of the University of Porto (1997); and graduated in Sociology (1992), from the same institution. At present, she coordinates two research projects: “Diagnostic study on the situation of the immigrant population resident in the municipality of Sesimbra” and “Characterization Study of the Immigrant Population resident in the Oeiras District.” Also, she collaborates in other projects in Lisbon at CIES, UTL and UL, and has published several articles in national and foreign scientific journals. Her main research interests include poverty and social exclusion in marginalized territories, as well as youth, cultural practices, Gypsies, and immigration.