The study of the spatial organization of urban and architectural elements of historical contexts of most ancient cities explains the more exact and detailed order that has been obtained based on experiences of different areas over time and demonstrates that historical context was inherently coordinated and its components were connected to and completed each other. Similar to other historical Iranian cities, Tabriz of Qajar was regarded as a systematic and coherent complex which owes its advanced system to patterns affecting the spatial organization of the city. As this article claims, applying the in-between spaces idea in different scales has been considered one of the advanced patterns of Iranian architectural spatial organization. Taking the benefit of in-between concept and several forms, functions and meanings in different scales, public spaces—as link spaces—were regarded as one of the most important factors affecting the spatial organization of Iranian historical contexts, including Tabriz, and spatially connecting architectural and urban elements with the same identity. Therefore, this article aims at identifying the quality of public space effects as the most important in-between spaces in the spatial structure of Tabriz during Qajar. Public spaces were regarded as the most important link spaces in macro and median scale of spatial structure of Iranian historical cities in the past, and they played a significant role in the spatial organization of urban and architectural elements in addition to responding to residents’ needs on different scales. Spaces such as passages, Bazaars, squares, quarter centers, and graveyards and some of the important constructions of the city including the great mosque can be referred to as the public spaces of Tabriz during Qajar. They were regarded as places for different functions, which led to the formation of the adjacent spaces, in addition to being affected by natural and artificial factors due to their in-between features. This affectivity, whether physically or functionally-semantically, resulted in changes in determining the components and the geometrical-communicative pattern among other urban and architectural spaces. But, nowadays, ignoring such spaces in old and new contexts has led to spatial discontinuity of the context and therefore, an inability to respond to human needs.
|Keywords:||Public Spaces, Spatial Structure, In-between Space, Tabriz, Qajar Era|
Assistant Professor, Art & Architecture Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, East Azarbayjan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)
Assistant Professor, Art and Architecture Faculty, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz Branch, Tabriz, East Azarbayjan, Iran (Islamic Republic of)