The Transformation of Neighbourhood in the Context of Modern Urban Development in Europe

By Mara Liepa-Zemesa.

Published by Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

Cities have developed over the time growing, consolidating and merging sovereign units. Understanding of urban planning structure and good orientation opportunities in its complex spatial environment, which allow to link different parts of the city into an integrated system have always been important indicators of urban quality. Creation of the functional city changed this historically ensued structure.
Modern European urban development is based on the search of balance between economic growth and sustainable development. Continuing to develop strong urban center urban planners have identified the need for decentralization and the conception of the neighbourhood. Neighbourhood is an inhabited territorial unit of the city with its own maintenance, identity and character, which arises of the building type, physical boundaries, landscaping and citizens’ sense of community. Physically neighbourhood can be described as an area with homogenous nature, which may be recognized by clews that interwoven the whole city and do not continue anywhere else.
Nature of the neighbourhood has changed in modern city. Development of society has altered former local identity of places. Radical changes are made by implementation of various revitalizing projects. Today, citizenship issue has become much more complicated, thus new, modern solutions for strenghtening the neighbourhood need to be found in order to transform places into the places.

Keywords: Architecture, Boundaries, Centre, Identity, Neighbourhood, Revitalization, Urban Design

Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp.99-112. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.210MB).

Mara Liepa-Zemesa

PhD Student, Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning, Riga Technical University, Riga, Latvia

Mara Liepa-Zemesa (born 24.03.1982.) after getting masters degree in 2007 continue studies in doctoral programme of the Riga Technical University the Faculty of Architecture and Urban Planning and parallel study bachelor in the Business Administration School “Turiba” Faculty of Law. She has perfected her knowledge in urban planning in the HafenCity University Hamburg and Vienna Technical University. Her PhD project deals with problems related to the planning of city’s physical environment. She use to analyze these questions through the view that public view creates physical urban structure. Since 2004 Mara is employed in the Riga City Council City Development Department as Chief Territorial Planner – Project Manager. In 2006 practiced in the Office for Metropolitan Architecture Rotterdam. Since 2002 till 2004 employed in Ltd Architect’s K. Rukuts office.