Bicycle Facility Demand Analysis using GIS: A Los Angeles County Case Study

By Dohyung Kim and Nate Baird.

Published by Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies

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Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

In the last several decades, the spatial patterns and rapid expansion of metropolitan areas have been shaped by transportation policies focusing on automobiles and highways. However, due to rising issues in the environment, energy, and sustainability, fundamental paradigm changes in transportation planning have been sought, especially in alternative transportation modes. Although it has numerous environmental and social advantages, bicycling as an alternative transportation mode has been underutilized for a long time. Bicycling does not exhaust pollution and noise and is a healthier alternative to the single occupant vehicle. Bicycling has great potential to share a higher number of passenger trip with automobiles and public transit. This is especially true when bicycle trips are efficiently interconnected to public transit options. In order to facilitate bicycling as a transportation mode for everyday life activities including commuting, it is important to provide proper bicycle facilities to areas where there is demand for bicycle uses. This paper presents spatial feasibility analysis to identify areas that might be appropriate for targeted investment in bicycle facilities using GIS technology. Based on three bicycle demand factors, trip generators, trip attractors, and public transit, this study analyzes Los Angeles County and identifies the best locations for bicycle facility implementation.

Keywords: Alternative Transportation Mode, Bicycle, Demand/Feasibility Anlaysis, GIS

Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, Volume 1, Issue 2, pp.1-14. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.755MB).

Dr. Dohyung Kim

Assistant Professor, Deapartment of Urban and Regional Planning, California State Polytechnic University - Pomona, Pomona, CA, USA

Dr. Do Kim is assistant professor of Department of Urban and Regional Planning at California State Polytechnic University-Pomona. He received his Ph.D. in urban and regional planning from the University of Florida in 2005. His research and practice are currently focused on three principal areas: GIS applications to planning, land use/transportation relationship, and transportation safety. He has also developed several customized GIS applications for transportation planning such as crash mapping toolkit, land use simulation tool, and urban pattern modeling package. His research on pedestrian and bicycle safety is recently published on Korean Local Administration Review.

Nate Baird

Master Student, Department of Urban and Regional Planning, California State Polytechnic University - Pomona, Pomona, CA, USA

Nate Baird received a Master in Urban and Regional Planning from California State Polytechnic University-Pomona in June 2010. He is now a bicycle coordinator for the Los Angeles Department of Transportation.