In the early 60s, in the Italian architectural culture, researches emerged to define new morphological syntaxes and new control tools of the dynamics of urban transformation. The goal was to find "scientific" methods of intervention, consistent with the history of the city and, at the same time, open at the dynamics of transformation derived from the new territorial dimension.
The reflections of this research were, on the one hand, the Venetian studies by Saverio Muratori related to the "method of analysis of transformation urban processes"; on the other hand, the studies by Giuseppe Samonà and Ludovico Quaroni aimed at extending the city to the global territorial phenomena, identifying it in the future transformations especially "consolidated city / suburbs / landscape" (vision influenced by the thesis of Lewis Mumford and Kevin Lynch). At the base there was the need to provide a new disciplinary objectivity at the city-planning culture with the following aims:
- Extend the old transformational relationships between building and city to those between city and Regional Development;
- To interact, in existing forms, the new shapes made by the languages of the "new dimension" and its technologies.
This research is the basis of the theories and design practices of most of today's Italian architectural culture.
The dissertation wants to propose a framework of these theories, illustrating the principles and criticality internal to their evolutionary context, focusing on procedural aspects and methodological issues related to the influence by the territorial transformations on the architecture of the city.
|Keywords:||Twentieth Century, New Millenia, Urban Design, City, Territory, Urban Palimpsest, Paths, New Modernity|
Researcher, Department of Science of Engineering and Architecture, Polytechnic of Bari, Bari, Italy