Expanding San Francisco’s Landscape Productivity: Adaptation Strategies for Climate Change

By Nina Claire Napawan.

Published by Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Published online: September 5, 2014 $US5.00

The San Francisco Bay is one of the world’s most urbanized estuaries, currently home to 7 million and expected to grow to 9 million by 2030. This growth projection has been exacerbated by mounting evidence of climate change’s impact in the Bay Area, where sea level is anticipated to rise 16 inches by 2030 and 55 inches by 2100. Specifically in San Francisco, inundation and urban growth are competing concerns in a city that anticipates increased development along a threatened eastern shore. This paper examines the contradictions between development plans in San Francisco and projected impacts of sea level rise, and theorizes the expanding role urban landscapes might play to ease these conflicts. Through 3 site-specific speculative designs along the eastern shore, this research investigates an alternative future for San Francisco that includes expanding landscape productivity to meet the complex needs of a changing climate.

Keywords: Landscape Urbanism, Climate Change Adaptation, Landscape Architecture, Productive Landscapes, Human Environments and Ecosystemic Effects, Urban Ecosystem Services

Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, Volume 4, Issue 3, September 2014, pp.37-52. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Published online: September 5, 2014 (Article: Electronic (PDF File; 1.037MB)).

Prof. Nina Claire Napawan

Assistant Professor, Department of Human Ecology, Landscape Architecture and Environmental Design, University of California, Davis, Davis, California, USA