In a period when the environmental situation, despite all the well-being indications, is of concern, the increasing urbanization coupled with global issues of climate change and environmental degradation demands a deeper look at spatial planning and landscape redevelopment. In this scenario, driving the sustainable urban development agenda is a shared concern. However, while the need to change is generally accepted, sustainability continues to be hard to define and still more difficult to apply. The globalization of industry over the past decades had a profound effect on former industrial areas all over the world, producing a vast array of obsolete industrial facilities and the various impacts, which are generated from them. For this reason, the recognition that the reutilization of derelict landscapes, within urban settlements of all sizes, constitutes a proactive strategy to struggle both the continuous urban growth and the loss of public and private open space, promoting the development of more human, safe, attractive and competitive cities constitutes an important step towards landscape sustainability. This paper analyses successful post-industrial landscape redevelopment design approaches, addressed in order to build a set of design principles that might inform and serve as a theoretic basis to the redevelopment of similar landscapes.
|Keywords:||Post-industrial Landscape, Planning and Design Principles, Landscape Redevelopment|
Professor, Department of Agriculture and Natural Resources, Polytechnic Institute of Portalegre, Portalegre, Portugal