Spaces of Flows in Time of War: The Emergence of “Ba’ada Haifa” Perceived Region

By Osnat Rosen-Kremer and Iris Aravot.

Published by Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies

Format Price
Article: Print $US10.00
Article: Electronic $US5.00

The paper focuses on the relationship between movement (flow), the built up environment (real and virtual networks) and the perceived image of spaces in the “climate” of (yet) undeclared-war, assuming that accelerations are firstly and most clearly to be seen in the military field, affecting the configurations of movement, space, time and matter. “Ba’ada Haifa”, meaning beyond-Haifa in Arabic, is a term coined by Hasan Nasrallah during the July-August 2006 war, when he threatened to launch rockets towards this ambiguous target in Israel. Soon people addressed themselves as belonging, or not, to Ba’ada Haifa. This study explores the existence, meaning and identity of this perceived region as a catchment area of networks and flows, facilitating currents of people (refugees), objects (e.g. rockets, vehicles) and information (from real and virtual environment). Thus, it looks qualitatively for positions and meanings that are defined by military and civic networks and flows and their interplay. Moreover, it assumes that there are invisible sensed flows as well—of mood, feeling, atmosphere—that spread through a certain space in specific time. The paper analyzes and interprets visually and literally scenes experienced or viewed from the roads at first hand, and as described by interviewees and in the media (television, internet, radio and newspapers). It is demonstrated that, with advanced technologies, a military field of operations could physically reach our door or even our living-rooms at the speed of light, thus bearing witness to actual and potential transformations in perceptions of place.

Keywords: Second Lebanon War, Time-space of War/Flow, Networks, Uploading/Downloading, Perception

Spaces and Flows: An International Journal of Urban and ExtraUrban Studies, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp.21-41. Article: Print (Spiral Bound). Article: Electronic (PDF File; 880.471KB).

Dr. Osnat Rosen-Kremer

Director of Building Licensing (R&D), Ministry of the Interior, Planning Administration, M.O.I, Jerusalem, Israel

B.Arch. (Cum Laude, 1983), M.Sc. (2004), Ph.D. (Excellency, 2011), the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, I.I.T. Management, Municipal and Planning Legislation studies, Tel-Aviv University. Ms. Rosen-Kremer is a Lecturer in the Departments of Architecture, Neri Bloomfield Academy of Design and Education, WIZO, Haifa (since 2000); and she has also been teaching at the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, I.I.T; at SciTech, International Summer Research Program Technion, I.I.T; and at ORT Singalovsky College for Advanced Technology and Sciences, Tel-Aviv, where she was also appointed Head of the Department of Architecture & Interior Design (2010–2011). Her recent researches focus on mobilities and experiencing the surroundings while moving through spaces. Her interest is also in the Urban Image of places and spaces, how that image can be either influenced [media, politics...] or perceived [psychology, cognition], especially due to the daily experience of living in the virtureal. Her awards for research include a Prize in the AI Project of the Year International Competition (2009), the BRM Institute for Society and Science Fellowship (2005–6) at the Faculty of Management, Tel-Aviv University and the First Prize in the Israeli Planning Association competition (2005). As an Architect and Urban Planner she has practiced in private and public firms, including her own private office, and was the City Architect, Manager of the Department of the Local Building and Town Planning committee in the municipality of Kfar-Saba.

Assoc. Prof. Iris Aravot

Associate Professor, Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning, Technion, I.I.T., Haifa, Israel

Iris Aravot, B. Arch., M.Sc., Ph.D., Technion, I.I.T., Israel. Associate Professor in Urban Design and Urban Design Theory at the Faculty of Architecture and Town Planning. Aravot completed Philosophy studies at Haifa University, and postdoctoral studies at the A.A. Graduate School, London. Her research interests include urban design theories, new-towns in Israel, and elsewhere Phenomenology as a theory of Architecture and Urbanism. She has also studied phenomenological research of architectural phenomena, and was Architectural Education Organizer and Chair of the 1st International Conference on Architecture and Phenomenology in Haifa, 2007. She is the Head of Graduate Studies in Architecture and Urbanism, and the Former Head of The Research Centre for Architectural R&D and Vice Dean for Research and Graduate Studies. She has published numerous articles in Hebrew and English and is a visiting scholar in European and North American schools of architecture.