More than any other Mediterranean major city, Athens has experienced an increase in the occupation of its soil due to urban development in the years after World War II. This has resulted in a controversial relationship between the modern city and its history, as represented by the old city, and a thriving and well-defined landscape. The Acropolis, with its untouchable aura, and the surrounding hills that emerge from the compact and homogeneous plateau of roofs erasing the original ground, stand as isolated landmarks. The absence of public space excludes any kind of visual and functional relationship with these recognizable territorial points of reference. It is thus necessary to re-think the territory of Athens in order to rehabilitate the characteristic configuration of the landscape taking into account the fact that Athens is a base ground city. This paper analyzes the possibility of a horizontal development of architectonical interventions placed at the ground level of the existing city. Because the natural space is totally filled with buildings, it is essential to operate in an intersecting way with the urban fabrics. Subtracting a portion from the ground floor of the urban blocks allows the re-discovery of the all closed internal courtyards and the creation of new typologies of spaces as a variation on the original grid configuration of roads, where all the public uses are allocated. The objective is to raise awareness of the ground as a thing of cultural and ecological value instead of simply considering it as an economic device.
|Keywords:||Mediterranean, Landscape, Density, Sustainability, Public Space, Horizontal, Residential, Social|
Independent Practitioner, Athens, Greece