This paper presents the results of a pilot study into the readiness of a local community to engage in an environmental transformation process. It uses elements of Integral Theory to assess to what extent a suburban Bangkok community is ready to adopt Biological Wastewater Treatment (BWT) as a way to reduce its environmental footprint. The larger aim is to gain an understanding of the conditions that must be met in order to successfully promote BWT in the wider society. The community’s ‘integral’ readiness is measured by looking at the four dimensions that, according to Integral Theory, represent reality, namely: consciousness, behaviour, culture, and the social and environment systems. Multiple methods were used, including a questionnaire, interviews and focus group meetings. The findings point at the existence of a high level of integral readiness for future participation in transformation processes in the community. The study also reveals that it is the project developer and not the (local) government, who plays the main role in fostering such readiness. A lesson learnt, therefore, is that the effectiveness of the Thai government’s environmental policy can be increased by directing incentives to private developers rather than to local governments.
|Keywords:||Community Readiness for Environmental, Transformation, Biological WasteWater Treatment, Integral Theory, Thailand|
Deputy Dean for Research and Academic Services, Urban and Environmental Planning, Faculty of Architecture, Kasetsart University, Bangkok, Thailand
Lecturer, Division of Urban and Environmental Planning, Kasetsart University, Thailand
Research Fellow, Division of Urban and Environmental Planning, Faculty of Architecture, Kasetsart University, Thailand